Please Note: Amendments by 2015 Kansas HB 2048 are included and noted in this summary. HB 2408 makes numerous revisions to the definitions, materials covered, recordkeeping, and other provisions, adds reporting and preemption, removes the payment restrictions, repeals the penalties previously found in K.S.A. 50-6,112 and replaces them with new civil penalties and special categories of theft, and places jurisdiction over implementing the Scrap Metal Theft Reduction Act with the Attorney General. Please check the revisions carefully for their impact on your operations.
Note: HB 2048 removes definitions for a regulated scrap metal yard, ferrous metal, and tin, and amends the definitions of scrap metal dealer, regulated scrap metal, junk vehicle, nonferrous metal, and vehicle part. It also removes the list of non-exempt materials previously found in K.S.A. 50-6,110.(e).
"Regulated Scrap Metal" means any item, in any form, for which the purchase price was primarily based on the content of aluminum (does not include food or beverage containers), copper, brass, bronze, stainless steel, zinc, titanium, tungsten, nickel, platinum, palladium, rhodium, magnesium, lead, any other nonferrous metal, or any combination of such nonferrous metals. (HB 2048 removes specific references to commonly recycled products and removes the exemption for tin as previously defined)
"Bales of Regulated Metal" means Regulated Scrap Metal property processed with professional recycling equipment by compression, shearing or shredding, to a form in which it may be sold by a Scrap Metal Dealer consistent with industry standards.
"Nonferrous Metal" means a metal that does not contain iron or steel. (HB 2408 removes examples of nonferrous metals)
"Junk Vehicle" means a vehicle as defined in K.S.A. 8-126 not requiring title as provided in K.S.A. Chapter 8, an aircraft, or a boat which is being sold for scrap value. (HB 2048 adds reference to vehicle definition and removes references to farming equipment, industrial equipment, trailers, and other conveyances used on highways and roadways)
"Vehicle Part" means the front clip consisting of the two front fenders, hood, grill and front bumper of an automobile assembled as one unit; or the rear clip consisting of those body parts behind the rear edge of the back doors, including both rear quarter panels, the rear window, trunk lid, trunk floor panel and rear bumper, assembled as one unit. (HB 2048 removes "or any other vehicle part")
Restricted Items, as used in this summary, refers to items listed in K.S.A. 50-6,111.(d):
"Scrap Metal Dealer" (or Dealer as used in this summary) means any individual, firm, company, partnership, association, or corporation that operates a business that is engaged in the business of buying, trading or dealing in Regulated Scrap Metal for the purpose of sale for recycling. (HB 2048 condenses the definition and removes the fixed location requirement and reference to a scrap metal yard or storage place.)
The Recordkeeping provision does not apply to transactions in which the Seller is:
(HB 2048 removes price-based exemptions for Regulated Scrap Metal and catalytic converters, adds the exemption for licensed vehicle dealers and the caveat for businesses generating Regulated Scrap Metal, and also removes the list of non-exempt materials previously found in K.S.A. 50-6,110.(e).)
A Dealer shall maintain a register in which the Dealer can record the following information, or cross-reference to previously received information, for the purchase or receipt of any Regulated Scrap Metal, Junk Vehicle or Vehicle Part. The register may be kept in electronic format.
(italicized text added by HB 2048) The Seller's signed statement indicating from where the property was obtained and:
For purchases of Junk Vehicles, a Dealer must inspect the vehicle and record the VIN. If the vehicle has been impounded by a governmentally operated vehicle impound facility or agency, the Dealer must obtain a bill of sale issued by that facility. (HB 2048 removes option for vehicle title instead of bill of sale)
For purchases of Restricted Items, a Dealer must obtain proof that the Seller is an employee, agent or person who is authorized to sell the item on behalf of the governmental entity; utility provider; railroad; cemetery; civic organization; manufacturing, industrial or other commercial vendor that generates or sells such items in the regular course of business; or Scrap Metal Dealer. (HB 2048 adds italicized text and removes text that refers to these as "items of Regulated Scrap Metal Property")
Records must be retained for 2 years.
Records shall be open at all times to law enforcement officers. If records are maintained electronically, a Dealer shall provide a printout to officers upon request. (HB 2048 removes reference to peace officers)
Every Dealer must forward the information required under the Recordkeeping provision to the database maintained by the Attorney General (AG).
Before July 1, 2016, the AG must establish and maintain a transaction report database to provide information to law enforcement and for any other purpose deemed necessary by the AG to implement and enforce the Act.
Information maintained in, submitted to, or stored as part of the database by the AG or by any entity contracting with the AG shall:
A Dealer may not purchase or receive Regulated Scrap Metal from a minor unless the minor is accompanied by a parent or guardian or the minor is a licensed Scrap Metal Dealer.
30 day hold, exclusive of weekends and holidays, on any Regulated Scrap Metal, Junk Vehicle or Vehicle Part upon the receipt of notice from any law enforcement agency, or any of their agents or employees, that they have cause to believe the item has been stolen.
(HB 2048 changes from registration with local government, increases fees, changes the crimes that a person must disclose in their registration to match those barring registration, shortens the registration period from 10 years to 1, and removes that violation of the registration requirements is a class A nonperson misdemeanor. Italicized text added by HB 2048)
Scrap Metal Dealers must register each place of business with the Attorney General. Registrations are issued for 1 year, are subject to an application fee of $500 to $1,500 or a renewal fee of up to $1,500, as prescribed by the AG, for each particular place of business, and are not transferable. The registration must contain:
One of the following:
A business licensed under K.S.A. 8-2404 need not register unless it buys or recycles Regulated Scrap Metals that are not motor vehicle components.
The AG shall establish a system for the public to confirm Dealer registration certificates, which will include a listing of valid certificates and such other information collected pursuant to the Act as the AG determines is appropriate. Disclosure of any information through use of the system shall not be deemed to be an endorsement of any Dealer or determination of any facts, qualifications, information or reputation of any Dealer by the AG, the state, or any of their respective agents, officers, employees or assigns.
Any person filing a registration may be subject to a criminal history records check and may be given a written notice that the check is required. The AG may require the applicant to be fingerprinted and submit such to the Kansas Bureau of Investigation and the FBI for a state and national check. If required, the fingerprints shall be used to identify the applicant, to determine if they have a record of criminal history in Kansas or another jurisdiction, and in the official determination of whether the registration will be accepted. Local and state law enforcement officers and agencies shall assist the AG in taking and processing fingerprints. If the check is used to disqualify an applicant they shall be informed in writing of that decision.
(HB 2048 generally changes references from local registering agencies to the AG; these changes are not noted individually below)
Registrations shall not be accepted for:
A person who within the past 10 years (HB 2048 lengthens from 3 years):
Upon 5 days' notice, a Scrap Metal Dealer's registration may be suspended for up to 30 days for the following, or revoked for 3 or more during a 24 month period:
The AG may revoke a registration with 5 days' notice for the following:
Any action shall be brought individually against a single registrant's site and not against any other scrap metal sites or locations registered by the same Scrap Metal Dealer. Any person aggrieved by a decision to suspend or revoke a registration may appeal such in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the AG to implement the Act.
(HB 2048 repealed K.S.A. 50-6,112 - Penalties and replaced with the following new civil penalties and special theft categories.)
If any person willfully fails or refuses to file a statement or report required by the Act or obey any subpoena issued by the AG, the AG may apply to a district court and, after a hearing, the court may issue an order:
Any Dealer who violates any provisions of the Act, in addition to any other penalty provided by law, may incur a civil penalty of $100 to $5,000 for each violation; the AG may also impose such penalty for any employee or agent of the Dealer or on any person or entity required to be registered as a Dealer. The penalty shall only be imposed upon the written order of the AG to the Dealer responsible for the violation, and must state the violation, the penalty to be imposed, and the right of the Dealer to appeal as provided in the Kansas Judicial Review Act.
The AG may bring a civil action to obtain a declaratory judgement that an act or practice violates the Act; enjoin or obtain a restraining order against any person who has, is, or is otherwise likely to violate the Act; recover reasonable expenses and investigation fees; or impose any civil penalty authorized by the Act. In lieu of investigation or continuing an action or proceeding, the AG may accept a consent judgement for a violation of the Act. Such must be approved by the district court and an entry of judgment must be made. Once the approval is received, any breach of the conditions shall be treated as a violation of a court order. In any action brought by the AG, the court may, without requiring the AG's bond make orders or judgements necessary to prevent the use or employment of any practice declared to be a violation of the Act; issue a temporary restraining order or enjoin any person from violating the Act; award reasonable expenses and investigation fees, civil penalties and costs; and grant other appropriate relief.
The commission of any act or practice declared a violation of the Act shall render the violator liable to the state for a civil penalty of up to $5,000 for each violation.
Any person who willfully violates the terms of any court order issued pursuant to the Act shall pay a civil penalty of up to $10,000 per violation, in addition to other penalties imposed by the court, as the court deems necessary and proper. The district court issuing an order shall retain jurisdiction, and the AG acting in the name of the state may petition for recovery of civil penalties.
Any continuing act or practice declared to be a violation of the Act shall be deemed a separate violation for each day such act or practice exists.
Any person, whether or not a Kansas resident or citizen, who in person or through an agent engages in business as a Dealer submits to the jurisdiction of the Kansas courts for any cause of action arising from such business. Every administrative or civil action pursuant to the Act shall be brought in the Shawnee County district court or in any other district whose venue is authorized by law.
Under K.S.A. 22-2902 - Preliminary Examination, at any examination at which the details of transaction records required by the Act are to be introduced as evidence, the records shall be admissible in the preliminary examination in the same manner and with the same force and effect as if the individuals who made the record, and the records custodian who keeps the record, had testified in person.
Under K.S.A. 21-5804 - Intent to Deprive of Property, in a prosecution for theft, if the theft is of Regulated Scrap Metal either in whole or part, the failure to give information or the giving of false information to a Dealer, the transportation of the metal outside the county from where it was obtained or across state lines, or the alteration of the metal before any transaction with a Dealer shall be prima facie evidence of intent to permanently deprive the owner of the metal of the possession, use, or benefit thereof.
Under K.S.A. 21-5813 - Criminal Damage to Property, it is aggravated criminal damage to property if the value or amount of damage exceeds $5,000 and the damage was committed to obtain any Regulated Scrap Metal or Restricted Items (as listed in K.S.A. 50-6,111.(d)) upon any building, structure, residence, facility, site, place, property, vehicle, or any infrastructure thereof (statute lists numerous specific examples, but ends with the statement above and has additional clarifiers to make it as encompassing as possible). Aggravated criminal damage to property is a severity level 6, non-person felony. The amount of damages may include the cost of repair or replacement, the reasonable cost of the loss of production, crops, and livestock, reasonable labor costs of any kind, reasonable material costs of any kind, and any reasonable costs that are attributed to equipment that is used to abate or repair the damage to the property. This also applies to court-ordered restitution under K.S.A. 21-6604 - Authorized Dispositions. Under K.S.A. 21-6804 - Sentencing Grid for Nondrug Crimes, the sentence for aggravated criminal damage to property when such person has a prior conviction for any nonperson felony shall be presumptive imprisonment; such shall not be considered a departure and shall not be subject to appeal.
The AG is given jurisdiction and authority over the implementation, administration, and enforcement of the Act, including to employ agents to implement, administer, and enforce the Act; contract; expend funds; license and discipline; investigate; issue subpoenas; keep statistics; and conduct compliance education and outreach programs. The AG is authorized to adopt rules and regulations to implement the Act.
The AG will administer the scrap metal theft reduction fee fund. All fees, charges, or penalties collected under the Act shall be remitted to the state treasury to be credited to the fund. All expenditures shall be for the administration of duties, functions, and operating expenses incurred under the provisions of the Act.
If, by the AG's own inquiries or as a result of complaints, the AG has reason to believe a person has, is, or is about to engage in a violation of the Act, the AG or any deputy or assistant AG may administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses or matter, and collect evidence. If the subpoenaed matter is located outside the state the person may make it available within the state or pay the expenses for the AG or their designee to examine it where it is located.
The AG shall serve notice requiring a person to file a statement or report, or of a subpoena on a person, by certified mail to the last known place of business or residence or in the matter provided in the code of civil procedure. The AG may request an individual who refuses to comply to be ordered by the court to provide the testimony or matter. Except in prosecution for perjury, an individual who complies with a court order after asserting a privilege against self-incrimination to which they are entitled by law may not be subjected to a criminal proceeding or a civil penalty for the transaction the individual is required to testify on or produce relevant matter for.
A municipality shall not enact or enforce any ordinance, resolution or regulation relating to the implementation, administration and enforcement of the provisions of the Scrap Metal Theft Reduction Act. Any such ordinance, resolution or regulation adopted prior to July 1, 2015 shall be null and void. No action shall be commenced or prosecuted against any individual for a violation of any such ordinance, resolution or regulation which was adopted before July 1, 2015, if the violation occurred on or after July 1, 2014.
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This summary of State Metals Theft Laws is being viewed on this website under license and is owned and copyrighted by Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. ("ISRI"),1615 L Street, N.W., Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036.