Please Note: Amended language from 2014 Idaho HB 518 (effective July 1, 2014) is reflected and noted in this summary. 2014 Idaho SB 1258 (effective July 1, 2014) makes nonsubstantive amendments to the Tag and Hold provision and is not noted in this summary.
"Nonferrous Metal Property" means metal property for which the value is derived from the content of copper, brass, aluminum, bronze, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, silver, platinum and their alloys. The term includes stainless steel beer kegs, but does not include aluminum beverage containers, used beverage containers or similar beverage containers.
Stainless Steel Metal Property is referenced in the Recordkeeping provision but is not defined in the law.
Burned Metallic Wire, as used in this summary, refers to metallic wire that was burned in whole or in part to remove insulation, as regulated by Section 54-2703 of the law.
"Commercial Metal Property" (as amended by HB 518) means property sold by a Commercial Enterprise consisting of:
"Commercial Enterprise" means a corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, state agency, political subdivision of the state, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity.
"Scrap Metal Business" means a Scrap Metal Supplier, Scrap Metal Recycling Center, or Scrap Metal Processor that is a Commercial Enterprise that purchases, receives, and processes Nonferrous Metal Property, Stainless Steel, or Commercial Metal Property. (italicized text added by HB 518)
"Scrap Metal Processor" means a person with a current business license that conducts business from a permanent location, that is engaged in the business of purchasing or receiving metal property for the purpose of altering the metal in preparation for its use as feedstock in the manufacture of new products, and that maintains a hydraulic bailer, shearing device, crusher or shredding device for recycling. (HB 518 adds crusher)
"Scrap Metal Recycling Center" means a person with a current business license that is engaged in the business of purchasing or receiving Nonferrous Metal Property for the purpose of aggregation and sale to another Scrap Metal Business and that maintains a fixed place of business within the state.
"Scrap Metal Supplier" means a person that is engaged in the business of purchasing or receiving Nonferrous Metal Property for the purpose of aggregation and sale to a Scrap Metal Recycling Center or Scrap Metal Processor and that does not maintain a fixed business location in the state.
"Commercial Account" means a relationship between a Scrap Metal Business and a Commercial Enterprise that is ongoing and properly documented under this chapter.
"Transaction" means a pledge, or the purchase of, or the trade of any item of Nonferrous Metal by a Scrap Metal Business from a member of the general public. "Transaction" does not include donations or the purchase or receipt of Nonferrous Metal from a Commercial Enterprise, another Scrap Metal Business, or a duly authorized employee or agent of such.
The law exempts Transactions conducted by the following (italicized text added by HB 518):
A Scrap Metal Business shall record the following information in English, on a standardized or electronic form, for any Transaction (see definition) involving Nonferrous Metal Property or stainless steel metal property:
For a Commercial Account a Scrap Metal Business must maintain a permanent record with a Commercial Enterprise, including another Scrap Metal Business, with the following:
The Commercial Account record must also document every purchase or receipt of Nonferrous Metal, stainless steel, or Commercial Metal Property with the following:
Payment to a Commercial Account for Nonferrous Metal, stainless steel, or Commercial Metal Property must be by cash, credit cards, electronic funds transfer, or check payable to the Commercial Enterprise. (italicized text added by HB 518)
No purchase or receipt of metallic wire burned in whole or in part to remove insulation unless the Seller produces written proof that the wire was lawfully burned or lawfully recovered from a burned structure.
No purchase or receipt of beer kegs from anyone except a distributor or manufacturer of beer kegs or licensed brewery.
No purchase or receipt of Commercial Metal Property unless the Seller:
Records must be retained for 5 years.
In lieu of reporting, a Scrap Metal Business and law enforcement may arrange a time for law enforcement to review records.
Upon request by a state or local law enforcement officer, a Scrap Metal Business shall report records involving a specific individual, vehicle, or covered item of property, provided that such record still exists at the time of inquiry. The request shall specify a time of not less than 5 business days for the report. The report may be transmitted by fax, modem or similar, or delivered by computer disk subject to the requirements and approval of the chief of police or county's chief law enforcement officer. (italicized text added by HB 518)
Following verbal or written notification from a commissioned state or local law enforcement officer that an item of Nonferrous Metal, stainless steel, or Commercial Metal Property has been reported stolen, a Scrap Metal Business shall tag and hold the property for up to a 5 business day period as directed by the applicable law enforcement agency. (HB 518 reduces holding period from 10 days to 5)
It is a misdemeanor, or, for any person other than a Scrap Metal Business, a felony for a second violation within 5 years, for (italicized text added by HB 518):
It is a felony to knowingly and intentionally take Nonferrous Metals:
A public or private owner of metal property is not civilly liable to:
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This summary of State Metals Theft Laws is being viewed on this website under license and is owned and copyrighted by Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. ("ISRI"),1615 L Street, N.W., Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036.