Please Note: Amendments by 2013 Maine HP 559 and Maine HP 560 are included and noted in this summary, and will become effective 90 days after the end of the 2013 legislative session. This summary covers Ch. 183 Subch. 1-A: Scrap Metal Processors; Ch. 183 also has rules for Junkyards and Automobile Graveyards (Subch. 1) and Junk Dealers (Subch. 4).
"Scrap Metal" means metal that can be recycled, including, but not limited to, bits and pieces of metal parts that may be combined together with bolts or soldering and can be recycled when worn or superfluous.
"Nonferrous Metal" means a metal that does not contain significant quantities of iron or steel. "Nonferrous Metal" includes the following metals and their alloys: copper; brass; aluminum; bronze; lead; zinc; nickel; and platinum.
"Beverage Container" means a can, bottle, jar or other container made of aluminum or metal that is sealed by a manufacturer and contained, at the time of sale, a beverage, as defined by Title 32, section 1862, but does not include a beer keg.
Restricted Scrap Metal, as used in this summary, refers to the items listed in 30-A Section 3775:
"Scrap Metal Processor" means a person that purchases Scrap Metal for resale or recycling.
"Seller" means any person that receives in a transaction monetary consideration from a Scrap Metal Processor in exchange for Nonferrous Metal, iron or steel, including stainless steel. "Seller" does not include a person that, as part of a commercial enterprise or business, sells pursuant to a written contract or bill of sale Scrap Metal generated in a manufacturing or production process to a Scrap Metal Processor.
A Processor is not required to maintain individual records for a series of Scrap Metal purchases made pursuant to a written contract or bill of sale. Scrap Metal provisions exempt transactions involving only beverage containers.
The Restricted Scrap Metal provision does not apply to transactions between Processors.
Processors must maintain an accurate and legible written or electronic record of each Scrap Metal purchase transaction with the following:
Proof of the Seller's identification consisting of the following. Such proof of identification is subject to special Retention requirements, and may be maintained in a relational database for repeat Sellers and referenced in future transactions
A Seller may not sell and a Processor may not purchase Restricted Scrap Metal unless the Seller provides a signed statement for the transaction record at the time of sale that the property, to the best of the Seller's knowledge, is not stolen, and the Seller is the owner or otherwise authorized to sell. Does not apply to transactions between Processors.
A Processor may not purchase Scrap Metal from a minor unless the minor is accompanied by their parent or guardian, and the parent or guardian provides a written statement to the Processor that the transaction is taking place with their full knowledge and consent. Such a statement must be retained and made available for inspection for 3 years.
Records must be retained for 1 year. Proof of the Seller's identification must be kept in a secure, nonpublic location and may not be published, reproduced, distributed, or disclosed except as permitted by law.
A parent or guardian's written statement of consent to a purchase from a minor must be retained for at least 3 years.
Records must be made available to any state or local law enforcement office.
No cash payments to Sellers. Processors shall pay by check, credit card, or debit card. (Bold text added by HP 559)
A law enforcement officer with reasonable suspicion that Scrap Metal is stolen or related to criminal activity may issue a written order to a Processor specifying up to a 7 day hold period. Prior to the hold's expiration an officer may issue an additional written hold notice of up to 7 days.
A person who violates this Chapter commits a civil violation subject to:
The Secretary of State shall study the need for state regulation of scrap metal dealers and review the advantages and disadvantages of a state license, permit, or registration process. The Secretary of State shall invite participation by stakeholders in the scrap metal industry, law enforcement, and other interested parties in order to identify the most effective system for statewide regulation and the enforcement of laws relating to scrap metal dealers and scrap metal thefts.
The Secretary of State shall submit the report and any recommended legislation to the Joint Standing Committee on Labor, Commerce, Research and Economic Development by January 30, 2014. The Committee is authorized to submit a bill in 2014 related to the report.
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