Loading price data...
Scrap Monster
Olympus-ims.com
Vulcan

Back to Scrap Laws Virginia Metal Scrap Statute
Current as of November 20, 2014

The State Metals Theft Laws summaries are not intended to provide or be relied as a legal advice. This material is provided to serve as a reasonable compilation of the most current state scrap laws and is intended to be a resource or supplement to, and provide ideas for, compliance with all applicable laws. The ISRI State Scrap Laws are subject to change and readers should visit http://www.isri.org/metalstheftdb to make certain they are reading the most recent version of ISRI's summaries of the State Metals Theft Laws

Please Note: Changes by 2013 Virginia HB 1481, effective July 1, 2013 are reflected and noted in the text, except general changes in reference from Scrap Metal Processors to Scrap Metal Purchasers are not noted.

Materials Covered and Other Definitions

"Scrap Metal" means any metal that is no longer used for its original purpose and that can be processed for reuse in mills, foundries, and other manufacturing facilities.

"Ferrous Scrap" means any Scrap Metal consisting primarily of iron, steel, or both, but excluding any Scrap Metal consisting primarily of stainless steel. Ferrous scrap includes large manufactured articles such as automobile bodies that may contain other substances to be removed and sorted during normal operations of Scrap Metal Processors.

"Nonferrous Scrap" means any Scrap Metal consisting primarily of stainless steel or of any metal other than iron or steel. Nonferrous Scrap does not include:

  • Aluminum beverage cans;
  • Postconsumer household items such as pots, pans, barbecue grills, and lawn chairs;
  • Used flashing removed during building renovation or demolition; or
  • Small quantities of nonferrous metals contained in large manufactured articles.

"Metal Article" means any manufactured item, consisting of metal, that is usable for its originally intended purpose without processing, repairs, or alteration and that is not otherwise excluded by the definitions in this section. Examples include, without limitation, railings, copper or aluminum wire, copper pipe and tubing, plumbing fixtures, copper and aluminum gutters, copper and aluminum downspouts, and cast-iron radiators. (HB 1481 removes manhole covers and bronze cemetery plaques, urns, and markers)

"Proprietary Article" means:

  • Any metal article stamped, engraved, stenciled, or otherwise marked to identify it as property of a governmental entity or public utility, or transportation, shipbuilding, ship repair, mining, or manufacturing company;
  • Any hard drawn copper electrical conductor, cable, or wire that is 3/8" or greater in diameter, stranded or solid;
  • Any aluminum conductor, cable, or wire that is 3/4" or greater in diameter, stranded or solid;
  • Stainless steel beer kegs;
  • Any catalytic converter detached from a motor vehicle;
  • Any telecommunications cable that is 1/2 of one inch or greater in diameter and that contains 50 or more individual strands of solid, insulated, color-coded copper wire, including cable that has been unsheathed or burned;
  • Any manhole cover; (Added by HB 1481)
  • Any bronze or copper cemetery plaque, urn, or marker; (Added by HB 1481)
  • Aluminum bleacher seats or guardrails; (Added by HB 1481) or
  • Any mining cable that is 1/2" or greater in diameter and is composed of one or more stranded copper conductors and stamped, engraved, stenciled, or otherwise marked with "Mine Safety and Health Administration" or "MSHA." (Added by HB 1481)

"Scrap Metal Purchaser" means any person or business, other than an Authorized Scrap Seller or a Broker buying or selling processed Scrap Metal, who purchases Scrap Metal either directly or through an authorized agent in excess of $20,000 during any 12-month period. (Added by HB 1481).

"Scrap Metal Processor" means a business entity in good standing authorized to conduct business in the Commonwealth that regularly utilizes machinery and equipment at one or more established locations in the normal course of business for processing and manufacturing Scrap Metal into prepared grades for sale as raw material to mills, foundries, and other manufacturing facilities.

"Authorized Scrap Seller" means licensed plumbers, electricians, HVAC contractors, building and construction contractors, demolition contractors, construction and demolition debris contractors, public utilities, transportation companies, industrial and manufacturing companies, marine, automobile, and aircraft salvage and wrecking companies, and government entities. (licensed peddlers and brokers removed by HB 1481)

"Broker" means any person or his authorized agent who negotiates, purchases, sells, or offers for sale any Scrap Metal either directly or through an authorized agent without obtaining title to or ownership of the Scrap Metal. (added by HB 1481)

Exemptions

Exempts purchases of Ferrous Scrap, unless covered by another material definition, from all provisions except the No Purchase from Minors provision.

Exempts purchases from an Authorized Scrap Seller or from their authorized agent and employee from all provisions except the No Purchase from Minors provision.

Purchases by Scrap Metal Purchasers are exempt from the requirements of Title 59.1, Ch. 9, Article 1. Building Fixtures (exempted by Section 59.1-123.2.) and Title 59.1, Ch. 9, Article 2. Equipment of Railroads and other Companies (exempted by Section  59.1-129.B.). 

Recordkeeping

A Scrap Metal Purchaser must record the following for any purchase of Nonferrous Scrap, Metal Articles, and Proprietary Articles:

  • The Seller's full name, current address, date of birth, and social security or other recognized identification number from the Seller's current government-issued photo ID;
  • The date and time of the transaction;
  • The license number of the Seller's vehicle;
  • A description of items received from the Seller.
Proprietary Articles - Additional Recordkeeping

For Proprietary Articles, a Purchaser must additionally record:

  • A photo or video of all Proprietary Articles purchased. (added by HB 1481)

One of the following:

  • The Seller's documentation establishing that the Seller lawfully possesses the articles, such as a bill of sale, receipt, letter of authorization, or similar; or
  • Document a "diligent inquiry" into whether the Seller has a legal right to sell;
Retention

Records must be retained for at least 5 years at a Purchaser's normal place of business or at another readily accessible and secure location, except photos or videos of Proprietary Articles need only be retained for 30 days.

Inspection

Records must be available upon request to any law enforcement official, conservator of the peace, or special conservator of the peace appointed pursuant to Section 19.2-13, in the performance of their duties who presents credentials at the Purchaser's normal business location during regular business hours.

Reporting

For Proprietary Articles purchased without documentation from the Seller establishing lawful possession, a Purchaser must submit a report to the local sheriff's department or chief of police by the close of the following business day with:

  • A description of the Proprietary Article; and
  • A copy of the Seller's identifying information.

If requested by the chief law enforcement officer of a Purchaser's business locality, every Purchaser conducting business in the locality shall furnish to the chief a report of all purchases of Nonferrous Scrap, Metal Articles, and Proprietary Articles, excluding aluminum cans and interior household items. Reports must be submitted in a form prescribed by the Virginia State Police and electronically if requested (1 year period to implement electronic reporting removed by HB 1481), on the next business day following the purchase, containing the following information:

  • The Seller's name, date of birth, identification number, address, height, and weight;
  • The license number of any motor vehicle the goods were delivered in.
Hold

For Proprietary Articles purchased without documentation from the Seller establishing lawful possession, a Purchaser must hold the articles for at least 15 days.

No Purchase from Minors

A Purchaser shall not purchase any Scrap Metal from any person under 18 years old.

Penalties

A Purchaser who negligently violates any provision may be assessed a civil penalty of up to $7,500 for each violation. Any attorney for the locality where a violation occurred may bring a civil action to recover such a civil penalty, payable to the local treasury.

A Purchaser who knowingly violates a provision is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

©2016. The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. All rights reserved.

This summary of State Metals Theft Laws is being viewed on this website under license and is owned and copyrighted by Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. ("ISRI"),1615 L Street, N.W., Suite 600, Washington, DC 20036.